Как читать английские описания вязания спицами. Термины и сокращения

15.12.2015 + в цитатник =


How to Read a Knitting Pattern

Getting Started | Instructions

Asterisks, Parentheses, and Brackets | Knitting Garments

Once you’ve learned the basics of knitting – how to cast on and bind off, how to work the knit stitch and the purl stitch –you’ll be ready to start your first pattern. (If you need help with learning the basics, visit www.LearnToKnit.com.) In the beginning, looking at a knitting pattern can be very confusing — is that a foreign language it is written in?

Well, no, but it is the special language of knitting, which uses many abbreviations and terms, which save space and make patterns easier to read. So the first thing you need to do is become familiar with the knitting abbreviations.

Some of them are easy to understand, like these:

Basic Stitch Abbreviations

K or k = knit stitch
P or p = purl stitch

A complete list of knitting abbreviations and terms and their meaning can be found at (Полный список сокращений, терминов и их значений по вязанию на спицах Вы можете найти здесь) : www.YarnStandards.com

Terms represent things you are to do, like these:

CO = Cast on

(This is how you begin each knitted piece.)

BO = Bind off

(This is how you finish most knitted pieces. Binding off is sometimes
called casting off. They mean the same thing.)

Inc = Increase

(Add one or more stitches. The most basic increase is to work in the front, and then again in the back, of the same stitch. This can be done in both knit and purl stitches.)

Dec = decrease

(Eliminate one or more stitches. The most basic decrease is to work two stitches together as one. This can be done in both knit and purl stitches. Different ways of increasing and decreasing change the way the project will look, and most designers have a specific method in mind. So usually your pattern will tell you how to do this.)

Rep = repeat

(Do the same thing again the number of times stated in the pattern.)

Sl = Slip

(Slip a stitch or stitches from one needle to the other, without working it.)

YO = yarn over

(Take the yarn over the needle.)

Tog = together

(Work 2 or more sts together, forming a decrease.)

Work even

Continue what you have been doing, without any increases or decreases.

Maintain pattern as established

This is usually used when you are working a pattern stitch and are increasing (or decreasing) at the edges. It means that you keep the center part in the pattern as you have already set it up, and will add (or subtract) stitches at each end without disturbing that pattern. When enough new stitches have been added, they should be incorporated into the pattern.




Getting Started

With the abbreviations and terms at hand, let’s look at a typical knitting pattern. Knitted items can be worked back and forth in rows to form a flat piece, or in rounds to form a tube with no seams, such as socks or hats. Special needles are used to work in rounds.

Let’s start by working a flat piece.

First the instructions will tell you to cast on a certain number of stitches.
But wait – before you can start casting on, you must place a slip knot on one of the needles.
Patterns never tell you to do this – they just assume you know it. Here’s how you make a slip knot (See Figures 1 & 2).

There are many methods of casting on. Some give a nice stretchy edge;
others give a firm base. Unless the pattern tells you differently, use the method you were first taught. 

Now let’s look at a typical pattern.  

Продолжение здесь: http://www.craftyarncouncil.com/tip_knit.html